The veterinarians of High Ridge Animal Hospital strive to provide the best medical care for your canine pet. A dog's medical needs are as individual as the pet itself, and therefore, the recommendations for preventive medicine need to be customized for the risk factors that the individual dog is exposed to.
Based on the American Veterinary Medical Association's (AVMA) Vaccine Guidelines for Dogs, High Ridge Animal Hospital has established the following vaccine suggestions:
Core Vaccines for Dogs (universally recommended)
DA2PP — Distemper, Adenovirus 2, Parvovirus and Parainfluenza — Given every 3-4 weeks until after 16 weeks of age. At the dog's first adult annual exam, a one year DA2PP will be given, at the next visit, the DA2PP will have a 3 year expiration date.
- Canine Distemper protects against a disease that attacks the lungs and affects the function of the brain and spinal cord.
- Adenovirus 2 protects against a severe but rarely fatal respiratory disease.
- Canine Parvovirus protects against a disease that attacks the lining of the intestinal tract and damages the heart of very young puppies. This disease is often fatal.
- Parainfluenza is the cause of tracheobronchitis or kennel cough, and usually appears as a mild respiratory infection in normal healthy dogs.
Rabies — The first vaccine is given after 12 weeks of age, which is good for 1 year and then boostered with a 3 year vaccine.
- Rabies protects against a virus that attacks the nervous system and is always fatal.
Non-Core Vaccines for Dogs (optional — based on geographical location)
Lyme — Given after 9 weeks of age as a series of 2 vaccines, 2-3 weeks apart, and then a yearly booster.
- Protects against a disease transmitted by ticks that cause problems with joints, heart, kidneys and the central nervous system.
Leptospirosis — Given after 12 weeks of age as a series of 2 vaccines, 3-4 weeks apart, and then a yearly booster.
- Protects against a disease that causes kidney and liver damage and can be passed on to humans.
Non-Core Vaccines for Dogs (optional — based on exposure risk)
Influenza — Given after 12 weeks of age as a series of 2 vaccines, 3-4 weeks apart, then yearly.
- A disease that was originally identified in horses and mutated itself to be an issue in dogs. It is a disease that causes severe respiratory disease in dogs, and can be fatal in certain breeds of dogs. Tends to be associated with dogs in boarding, shelter, grooming, day care and veterinary facilities.
Bordetella — Given after 8 weeks of age, can be given as injection or intranasal, necessary for boarding, grooming, and dog parks!
- Protects against a respiratory bacterial infection that is spread through the air in confined areas such as kennels, groomers and canine social areas.
The veterinarian will work with each owner to establish the lifestyle of each pet, and will discuss the benefits and risks of each vaccine.
All vaccines can cause vaccine reactions in the individual pet. In most cases, there is no problem, but in certain dog breeds, there can be an increase risk of reactions. Reactions can range from lethargy, gastrointestinal distress, discomfort/pain and hives. Most reactions occur within a few hours but can occur up to 7 days after the vaccine is administered.